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Solar Panels

Discussion in 'Boat Electronics' started by Manlio, Oct 20, 2008.

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  1. Manlio

    Manlio Guest

    I would very much appreciate to understand the "state of the art" on
    solar panels on board.
    Best suppliers and best experience ?

    Thanks
    Manlio
     
  2. Manlio:

    I cruised for a few years with 200 watts of solar panels on board. These
    supplied 1/3 to 1/2 of my power requirements. Here are some observations:

    1. Solar panels cost about $5 per watt. Big ones less, small ones more,
    flexible panels more.

    2. There are 17 volt (open circuit voltage) panels that can be used without
    a controller (if you are careful) and there are higher voltage panels that
    absolutely require a controller (to charge a 12 V battery).

    3. MPP (maximum power point) controllers are about double the cost of a
    standard controller, but produce 10% or so more power. I wouldn't bother
    unless I had more than 100 watts of panels.

    4. A good rule of thumb is that a 100 watt panel will produce 33 amp hours
    of power on a full sun day. More at lower lattitudes and less at higher,
    more in the summer, less in the winter.

    5. Mounting is a real problem on a boat. I mounted one large rigid panel on
    the dinghy davits and sewed three flexible panels to the bimini. The
    flexible panels were more tolerant of partial shading due to their internal
    diodes.

    6. Wire your panels with large gauge wire. I used 10 gauge. My panels put
    out about 13 amps at full output and I wanted to minimize votage drop.
    Protect the wiring with a breaker or fuse. You can use a cigarette lighter
    outlet to charge your boat's batteries. Electrons can flow both ways and the
    lighter outlet is usually circuit breaker protected. This scheme won't let
    you use a controller but is great for smaller panels.

    There are lots of suppliers. Google (or Froogle) solar panels and you will
    get lots of hits. I like Backwoods Solar Electric Systems. Run by real off
    gridders.

    The foregoing should get you started. Go to the suppliers sites and read
    what they have to say.

    David
     
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