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Negative voltage

Discussion in 'General Electronics Discussion' started by RSW5, Dec 19, 2017.

  1. RSW5

    RSW5

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    Dec 19, 2017
    Where does negative voltage come from and how is it used with op amps?
     
  2. davenn

    davenn Moderator

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    Sep 5, 2009

    by using a split rail power supply

    a non-battery example ....

    upload_2017-12-19_15-52-30.png

    a battery example

    [​IMG]

    in that battery one, you can ignore the earth tag that goes out to the left from the 0V rail


    Dave upload_2017-12-19_15-52-30.png
     
  3. RSW5

    RSW5

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    Dec 19, 2017
    Thank you for your very clear illustration. It makes complete sense.
     
  4. kellys_eye

    kellys_eye

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    Jun 25, 2010
    There is also the virtual earth method using an op-amp to derive a split-rail DC supply from a single battery.
     
  5. BobK

    BobK

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    Jan 5, 2010
    Voltage is always a difference between two numbers called potentials. Depending on what you (arbitrarily) call zero, a higher potential will be a positive voltage with respect to zero (ground) and a lower potential will be negative.

    Look at the battery example a couple of posts up. Let's assume 9V batteries, since that is a good voltage to run op amps at. You could call the bottom zero voltage, the middle nine Volts and the top eighteen volts. Or you can call the middle zero volts, the bottom -9 Volts and the top +9V.

    The choice of the zero voltage is often related to the signal you are dealing with. Say it comes out of a microphone. You have two wires. You call one zero, and the other will vary from a negative to positive voltage when a sound is driving the mike. When you attach the zero of the mike to the zero of the op amp's power supply, the amplified signal can also vary from minus to plus. If you connected it to the lowest voltage, the negative half of the signal could not be reproduced by the amp.

    Bob
     
    Arouse1973 and Cannonball like this.
  6. davenn

    davenn Moderator

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    Sep 5, 2009
    yes, I could have shown that one as well, just kept it to the 2 basic methods ;)

    but since you bring it up.......

    here's one variation

    upload_2017-12-20_8-4-52.png
     
    Last edited: Dec 19, 2017
    kellys_eye likes this.
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