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Need explantion of part of schematic

Discussion in 'Electronic Basics' started by Lessie, Apr 8, 2005.

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  1. Lessie

    Lessie Guest

    The schematic concerned is at the end of the microchip
    document on microchip serial programming

    The circuit generates VPP for the programming phase. D1 is
    the reference of 12.7V and Q2 forms a negative feedback
    with the opamp. This part I do understand. However, Q2 is
    strange, what does it do? It seems that it will be in a
    cut out state because base will be higher than emitter by
    0.6V due to Q2 ?
  2. Ban

    Ban Guest

    Q1 is there to discharge the 12.7V line capacitance when Vpp_in goes low. In
    programming operation it is isolated as you have rightly understood. But
    when Vpp_out stays high, when the next instruction is send, it will be
    misinterpreted as a programming bit, so the line has to be forced low within
    one clock cycle and Q1 guarantees that.
  3. Bob Monsen

    Bob Monsen Guest

    It's a bizzare way to draw the circuit. However, if you notice, the
    emitters are both connected to the same node, which is also the feedback.
    Thus, it's just a follower. Why they feel they need low
    impedance for Vpp is beyond me, though. Usually, Vpp draws almost no
    current, so the opamp by itself should work fine. Whatever.
  4. Lord Garth

    Lord Garth Guest

    Q1 & Q2 rapidly, cleanly and alternately switch Vpp between Vcc and Gnd.
    Q2 is an NPN transistor. When its base is (very) positive WRT its emitter,
    on the collector less the (insignificant) drop across the transistor,
    at the R13-emitter junction and 1mA flows through R13.
    Q1 now has 5 volts on its emitter and gnd at its collector. When U1A
    switches to low, the PNP transistor Q1 turns on and Q2 turns off which pulls
    Vpp to gnd.
  5. Lessie

    Lessie Guest

    Very well spotted, thanks.
  6. Byron A Jeff

    Byron A Jeff Guest

    [Mucho Snippage]
    Actually this is a driver for the 16CXXXX EPROM based parts. If you check
    their programming specifications sheet (and I have recently on another
    matter) you will find that the max current draw for Vpp is up to 50mA.

    Hence the need for a low impeadance path.

    My Trivial High Voltage Programmer follows your suggestion as I have
    specifically targeted it for Flash parts. However it would need a much
    lower impeadance path to work with EPROM based parts.

  7. Bob Eldred

    Bob Eldred Guest

    These transistors form a complimentary-symmetry emitter follower output
    stage for the op-amp. The purpose is to increase the current capability of
    the amplifier output. It can both source and sink current, the NPN pulling
    high and the PNP pulling low. This is a linear, analog amplifier circuit.
    The overall amplifier has unity gain and delivers the voltage of the zener
    references. These voltages are controlled, on and off by the controller. The
    circuit is drawn funny with the PNP on top making it harder to understand.
    Normally this circuit is drawn with the NPN on top and the PNP on the bottom
    and the two emitters connected together. Redraw it and it will become
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