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MOV & Surge Protection Questions

Discussion in 'Misc Electronics' started by Robert11, Aug 6, 2005.

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  1. Robert11

    Robert11 Guest

    Hello:

    Have been thinking about this a bit, and realize I'm probably looking at it
    the wrong way.

    The other night we had a moderate lighning storm come thru.
    Momentary loss of power; perhaps a few seconds.

    The only damage was to a newly installed furnace's circuit board which got
    fried. It obtains it power in the normal way, via a hard wired, dedicated,
    110 V
    branch back to a dedicated circuit breaker on the main panel.

    The surprising thing is that nothing else was damaged; even the PC worked
    fine afterwards.

    So, my questions are -

    Let's assume that there is only only one cheap extension cord outlet strip
    in the house that has MOV's for protection, and that the PC was plugged into
    it.

    Let's also assume that it was connected to the L1 side of the 110V coming
    from the Service Box , as well as perhaps a dozen or so other circuit
    breakers and branch circuits.
    (the 220 V service coming in being split into two 110 V sections, L1 & L2)

    It would seem to me that the MOV's in this strip, assuming they work(ed)
    really well would
    protect anything upstream just as well as anything plugged in downstream
    (like the PC's) as all they do is clamp the line to gnd. Upstream or
    downstream should make no difference.
    Is this correct ?

    By the same reasoning, I could argue that All the branches on L1 would be
    equally protected by this single MOV strip, as all of L1 would get clamped.
    I guess there would by a few nsec difference in propagation times for the
    surge of the different branches, but it's hard to believe this would effect
    anything.

    Are all branches coming off L1 equally protected by a single strip on just
    one of the branch circuits, do you think.

    Obviously the MOV strip it didn't protect the furnace circuit which was on
    L1, so I am probably wrong about this.

    Any thoughts on this would be most appreciated.

    Thanks,
    Bob
     
  2. DBLEXPOSURE

    DBLEXPOSURE Guest

    In short, No. The power strip with the MOV may not even adequately protect
    the device that is plugged into the power strip. Some of the cheaper strips
    give you, "one time protection", Once the MOV blows the strip continues to
    deliver power. Consider using quality surge protection.



    http://www.apc.com/products/family/index.cfm?id=178&ISOCountryCode=US



    Look for a connected equipment guarantee.





    There are devices designed to protect the entire house or service





    http://www.apc.com/products/family/index.cfm?id=175



    No, I do not work for APC J
     
  3. CWatters

    CWatters Guest

    In a perfect world - yes that would be correct. However in the real world no
    it isn't. The problem is that even a straight wire has some inductance,
    capacitance and resistance. In the example you gave the inductance in the
    extension lead could act to isolate the protection device from anything
    "upstream".

    The best advice is to fit protection and conditioning devices close to the
    input to the building (to protect the whole building against mains
    transients coming in from the power co.) AND another lot close to sensitive
    equipment to protect you from yourself (eg the noise produced by the
    janitors vacuum cleaner or power tools!).
     
  4. Mike Berger

    Mike Berger Guest

    Unless you're using a steel or copper I beam for the grounding bus,
    a remote power strip MOV won't protect the whole house. A whole-house
    surge protector to install at the breaker box is $ 50 - $ 200 and will
    give you much better protection.
     
  5. rayjking

    rayjking Guest

    Robert,

    The ac outlets in your house have millinery's worth of inductance back to
    the pole transformer. When a high dv/dt rise in voltage occurs at the pole
    transformer the large capacitance of the mov as well as its energy clamping
    ability limit the voltage at the mov. every inch closer to the pole
    transformer from the mov sees more voltage.

    Ray
     
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