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How reset an integrator at 1 Mhz?

Discussion in 'Electronic Design' started by enzino, Sep 24, 2004.

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  1. enzino

    enzino Guest

    Hallo
    I'm new here :)
    I'm designing a special integrator with an operational amplifier LM6172in in
    inverting configuration.
    Rin = 1Kohm
    On the feedback loop there is a 220pF capacitor.
    The non-inverting input is connected to ground.
    The problem is that I need a reset every 1us, and the reset operation should
    bo no longer than 0.2us.
    I've tried with some analog switch, but these were too slow !
    I've tried with the 2n3819 fet, but the control signal pass to the rest of
    the integrator circuit, vanishing the results.
    How can I design this circuit?
    Which the correct component to perform the reset operation?

    Ideally the reset operation may be realized with a variable resistor
    connected to the operational output and the inverting input, in parallel
    with the 220pF capacitor.
    During the integration, the variable resistor should be set at extremely
    high values (for example 1Mohm).
    During the reset operation, the variable resistor should be set at low
    values (for example 10 ohm).
    Which component is able to perform this task at a rate of 1 Mhz?

    Some idea?
     
  2. John Larkin

    John Larkin Guest


    (being tired of hacking embedded code, here's a chance to take a break
    and solder something. Actually, I've been wondering for some time if
    gaasfets can act as bidirectional analog switches.)

    This seems to work: connect a small GaasFet, FSU02 maybe: source to
    the summing point, drain to opamp output. Drive the gate through a 1K
    resistor maybe. Drive the gate negative to integrate, ground to reset.

    You'll have to drive the gate more negative than opamp max neg swing
    minus Vp. For the FSU02, with the opamp output swinging +-5 max, that
    would be -7.5 maybe. If you can arrange for the opamp to swing
    positive only when it integrates, gate drive could be, say, -2.5 to
    integrate, 0 to reset. This might leak a few uA off and be maybe 10
    ohms on. It will be very fast and charge injection will be pretty low
    for such a low Ron.

    Works just like a jfet! Feedback appreciated.

    John
     
  3. Joerg

    Joerg Guest

    Hi Enzino,
    Welcome to the club!
    You could send that kind of pulse through a toriod transformer to get
    rid of unwanted loops etc.
    Check out the SD5400 series. Used to be made by Siliconix/Vishay but now
    it seems it went to Calmos:

    http://www.calmostech.com/SD5400.pdf

    The non-SMT version would be the SD5000, but watch out when ordering
    since there is a diode with the same name.

    These are chips that cost just a few Dollars but contain four nicely
    matched FETs. You can make differential switch gates with these and with
    a transformer circuit you can achieve a charge injection close to zero.
    Charge injection is what causes the control signal to penetrate into
    your signal path. It is caused by the gate capacitance of the FET.
    Basically what a differential approach does is inject the opposite
    charge into the path at the same time the switch acts.

    Regards, Joerg
     
  4. enzino

    enzino Guest

    Thanks John
    I'll try and report some feedback
     
  5. enzino

    enzino Guest

    Thanks Joerg
    Very usefull...
     
  6. enzino wrote...
    You need a fast low-capacitance MOSFET with low ON resistance.

    One good choice is a part from the old Siliconix (now Vishay)
    SD210 family, with Cdx = 1.1pF and Ron = 45 ohms. The SD211
    has a useful gate-protection zener. Future Electronics stocks
    the SD210DE, but requires a minimum 50-piece purchase. These
    parts are also made by Calogic and Linear Integrated Systems,
    who may have better inventory sources.

    You will find that modern apparently-superior cmos IC switches
    have very high capacitance, compared to the sd210 family.
     
  7. Joerg

    Joerg Guest

    Hi Winfield,
    That's the dream of every high speed designer. Something like 10Ohms and
    a fraction of a pF. Maybe some day it comes true.

    BTW, one other solution for a switch without charge injection would be
    to use (or rather abuse) a double-balanced mixer such as those from Mini
    Circuits. But it would add a few Dollars. I did that on a sample and
    hold a long time ago although I was greedy and rolled my own. I think
    Mini Circuits made dedicated "balanced diode switches" in those days,
    I believe that one also went to Calmos, like the SD5400 did..

    Regards, Joerg
     
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