# How hot should the motor get?

Discussion in 'Electronic Basics' started by David Harmon, Oct 1, 2003.

1. ### David HarmonGuest

I've got a motor, 110V shaded pole type with attached gearbox, made by
Brevel. I haven't found any useful Brevel web site. The motor gets quite
hot while running with no load, not too hot to touch, but too hot to pick
up and hold on to comfortably. It has no fan. How hot is something like
this supposed to run? Is it suitable for continuous operation?

2. ### Fritz SchlunderGuest

The motor is probably perfectly comfortable. Humans have pretty low
threshold for temperature based discomfort. Metal objects of something in
the vicinity of say 50 deg. C isn't normally comfortably holdable. So that
is probably around where the case temperature of the motor is at.
Internally it might be somewhat more.

Magnet wire comes in a number of temperature ratings, but all the stuff I've
ever seen is intended to last quite a long time at temperatures above 100
deg. C. Since your motor doesn't sound like it is running anywhere near
that hot (it would nearly instantly burn you) the life expectancy is
probably extremely long, at least in the no load condition you mention.

loading for transformers for that matter). Core loss is often designed to
be roughtly equal to the copper loss when the device is fully loaded. When
the motor is unloaded the copper loss should be quite small. So in the case
of your motor being fully loaded, expect it to increase in temperature
(above ambient) about twice what it currently doing.

IE: Assume ambient temperature of 25 deg. C. Assume under no load motor is
running at 50 deg. C. There is a 25 deg. C delta between ambient and no
load, so expect a 50 deg. C delta between ambient and full load. So the
motor should operate around say 75 deg. C under full load. These are
probably very rough estimates. The internal operating temperature will
likely be somewhat higher.

Nevertheless it sounds like the motor is still going to be a fair amount
under the insulation temperature rating so it should last an extremely long
time. Wether or not the motor is suitable for continuous operation is
somewhat uncertain, but it doesn't sound like it will be substantially
thermally limited. The motor specifications are the best place to determine
for sure if it can handle continuous operation or not. My first guess is it
could handle it alright.

3. ### David HarmonGuest

I powered up the motor and let it run. It ran for about 20 minutes,
reaching about 190 F (88 C) on the laminations before apparently a
thermal cutout went "thunk" and it wouldn't run any more until it
cooled down again. It restarts itself at about 170 F (77 C).
Ambient here is 80 F (27 C).

Incidently, it draws about 1.45 A AC with no noticeable change