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grounding a HF Whip

Discussion in 'Boat Electronics' started by Johny Looser, Mar 15, 2005.

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  1. Johny Looser

    Johny Looser Guest

    Hello! I'm performing maintenance on several HF whips. The directions
    call for megging the HF antennas to make sure the resistance to ground
    is greater than 200 M Ohms. How critical is this measurement.
    Sometimes, the Meg reading has gone down to 86 K ohms, before being
    replaced, but, the boat still has good comms.

    Also how important is it to have a good ground on these antennas. I
    do not know a lot about antenna theory, but it would seem to me that
    a good ground would be important for small UHF antenna using a ground
    plane, not a 35 ft whip. However my boss says that by ensuring the
    antenna base has a good ground, the megger reading will somehow go up.
    This I do not understand.

    How someone can answer my questions, and tell me which of us is right

  2. chuck

    chuck Guest

    No reason to believe that the resistance to ground has to be
    as high as 200 Megohms in order for the antenna to work,
    although new antennas might reasonably be expected to show
    that level of resistance.

    If you are measuring leakage resistance to ground of 86
    kilohms, that is most likely due to a dirty, salt-encrusted,
    or cracked base insulator. It should probably be replaced if
    it can't be cleaned or repaired. Whether 86 kilohms is
    enough to interfere with proper operation of the antenna
    again depends on frequency of operation, given a 35 foot
    physical length. When the insulator is wet, the resistance
    could be even lower.

    The quality of ground is important for communications, to be
    sure. However, with a 35 foot whip, the importance will be a
    function of frequency. When the whip is near a
    half-wavelength, for example, ground quality becomes far
    less important to antenna efficiency.

    I am aware of no mechanism by which quality of ground would
    affect the dc leakage resistance of a whip antenna base.

    Good luck.

  3. Johny Looser

    Johny Looser Guest

    Ok! Thanks for the info.


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