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Gas Pressure required for generator

Discussion in 'General Electronics Discussion' started by digimart, Aug 5, 2011.

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  1. digimart

    digimart

    1
    0
    Aug 5, 2011
    Hi,
    I am planning a project, whereby a biogas unit be setup for producing gas through cow-waste and other organic wastes.
    The gas thus produced will be used to run a power generator ( NG generator ).
    The generator is to be of power rating 15 KVA.
    Please advise, how much gas pressure be required to run a 15KVA power generator ?

    Thanks

    Omar Sharif
    Digimart
    Lahore, PK
     
  2. daddles

    daddles

    443
    3
    Jun 10, 2011
    I doubt that's the proper way to look at things -- you can run one from a variety of pressures. It's likely that the mass flow will be the thing that's important. You can make back-of-the-envelope estimates as follows. Many hydrocarbon fuels (gasoline, diesel, etc.) have on the order of 30-40 MJ/kg of energy in them as the heat of combustion. Since 15 kVA is about 15 kW or 0.015 MW = 0.015 MJ/s, you can then get that the mass flow will have to be about (0.015 MJ/s)/(30 MJ/kg) or 0.5 g/s. Of course, this is at 100% efficiency, so you'll want to multiply by the reciprocal of efficiency. If the efficiency is 15%, then the mass flow rate is 0.5(1/0.15) = 3.3 g/s.

    Anyway, that's how I'd get some estimates. Then you'll have to make some calculations to estimate what pressures you'll need to get that flow rate assuming some piping/pumping system. It's probably mostly straightforward engineering; you can look up the stuff you need in e.g. Perry & Chilton's "Chemical Engineering Handbook".
     
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