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FCC approves 'white space' for broadband

Discussion in 'Electrical Engineering' started by metspitzer, Nov 5, 2008.

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  1. metspitzer

    metspitzer Guest

    FCC approves 'white space' for broadband
    By Leslie Cauley, USA TODAY

    The Federal Communications Commission, as expected, approved a measure
    that would make "white space" spectrum available for wireless
    broadband.

    White space is industry lingo for the unused airwaves that abut
    broadcast TV spectrum, providing a buffer zone from stray signals and
    other inferference. The buffer zone was set up more than 50 years ago
    when TV was first invented.

    The FCC's white-space plan was initially proposed four years ago. More
    than 25,000 comments — from supporters as well as critics — were
    submitted.

    Under the FCC's plan, white space spectrum will be unlicensed and free
    — like Wi-Fi — to anybody who wants to use it. In some markets,
    there's enough white space to fill a half dozen TV channels.

    FCC Chairman Kevin Martin says consumer are the biggest winners. The
    white-space plan "is a significant victory for consumers," he told USA
    TODAY. "The abilty to have Wi-Fi like connectivity, at faster speeds
    and greater range" will help further deployment of broadband across
    the USA.

    Supporters cheered the move. "This spectrum should become fertile
    ground for innovation, potentially offering consumers and companies an
    unlimited variety of applications, devices, networks and more," the
    Information Technology Association said in a prepared statement. Tech
    giant Motorola agreed. By allowing the use of white-space spectrum,
    "the FCC is advancing access to broadband services, especially in
    rural areas where broadband is more limited," Motorola said in a
    prepared statement. Other supporters include IBM, HP and Dell.

    Broadcasters opposed the plan. Their basic beef: white space devices —
    which don't yet exist — might introduce interference into TV signals.
    Sports leagues, Broadway theatre owners and others that rely on
    wireless microphones, which use the same airwaves, also opposed the
    plan.

    To guard against inferference, the FCC adopted a number of safeguards.
    Example: In major markets, you won't be able to use white-space
    devices near TV broadcast locations or big entertainment venues such
    as Madison Square Garden. Others can ask the FCC for similar "safe
    zone" treatment.

    The FCC also opened an inquiry into cable TV pricing Monday.
    Specifically, the agency is investigating how much cable TV operators
    plan to charge consumers once the nation moves from analog to
    all-digital broadcast TV. The move, which will impact millions of TV
    viewers across the USA, takes place next February.

    According to Martin, consumers have lately been flooding the FCC with
    complaints about the post-transition plans of cable TV operators.
    "There's a lot of consumer confusion," he says. The agency's concern,
    he says, is that cable TV operators will try to use the transition to
    force customers to "spend the same amount of money to get less"
    programming once the transition takes place, "or more money to get the
    same" amount of programming. Either way, he says, consumers wind up
    losing. The FCC doesn't regulate cable TV prices, per se. But under
    its mandate from Congress, the agency has broad latitude to look out
    for the interests of consumers — including cable TV customers.

    As part of the inquiry, the FCC sent a letter yesterday to a number of
    cable companies, including Time Warner, Comcast and Verizon, seeking
    information about their post-transition pricing plans. Consumer's
    Union, one of the largest consumer advocacy groups in the USA, wrote a
    letter to the U.S. Senate last month asking for such a review, Martin
    noted.

    http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/2008-11-04-white-space_N.htm

    I bet this doesn't mean free Wi-Fi or wireless in places where
    broadband is not available.

    I sure wish it did.
     
  2. Guest

    | FCC Chairman Kevin Martin says consumer are the biggest winners. The
    | white-space plan "is a significant victory for consumers," he told USA
    | TODAY. "The abilty to have Wi-Fi like connectivity, at faster speeds
    | and greater range" will help further deployment of broadband across
    | the USA.
    |
    | Supporters cheered the move. "This spectrum should become fertile
    | ground for innovation, potentially offering consumers and companies an
    | unlimited variety of applications, devices, networks and more," the
    | Information Technology Association said in a prepared statement. Tech
    | giant Motorola agreed. By allowing the use of white-space spectrum,
    | "the FCC is advancing access to broadband services, especially in
    | rural areas where broadband is more limited," Motorola said in a
    | prepared statement. Other supporters include IBM, HP and Dell.
    |
    | Broadcasters opposed the plan. Their basic beef: white space devices ?
    | which don't yet exist ? might introduce interference into TV signals.
    | Sports leagues, Broadway theatre owners and others that rely on
    | wireless microphones, which use the same airwaves, also opposed the
    | plan.
    |
    | To guard against inferference, the FCC adopted a number of safeguards.
    | Example: In major markets, you won't be able to use white-space
    | devices near TV broadcast locations or big entertainment venues such
    | as Madison Square Garden. Others can ask the FCC for similar "safe
    | zone" treatment.

    And they somehow think consumers, the end users of such devices, are going
    to avoid using them in these "safe zone" areas?


    | The FCC also opened an inquiry into cable TV pricing Monday.
    | Specifically, the agency is investigating how much cable TV operators
    | plan to charge consumers once the nation moves from analog to
    | all-digital broadcast TV. The move, which will impact millions of TV
    | viewers across the USA, takes place next February.

    They will, of course, milk the confusion for all they can. They will even
    add to the confusion, which is easy because so many of the people that work
    for these cable TV operators are themselves confused. More than one person
    who works for Comcast has told me that digital channels are now numbered
    above 200 and a digital-ready TV can only tune as high as 69 for over the
    air and 125 for cable. So even if I have a digital TV, I have to subscribe
    to cable to get the channels above 200. I managed to dig out of one of them
    that this is what they were told in training classes.


    | According to Martin, consumers have lately been flooding the FCC with
    | complaints about the post-transition plans of cable TV operators.
    | "There's a lot of consumer confusion," he says. The agency's concern,
    | he says, is that cable TV operators will try to use the transition to
    | force customers to "spend the same amount of money to get less"
    | programming once the transition takes place, "or more money to get the
    | same" amount of programming. Either way, he says, consumers wind up
    | losing. The FCC doesn't regulate cable TV prices, per se. But under
    | its mandate from Congress, the agency has broad latitude to look out
    | for the interests of consumers ? including cable TV customers.
    |
    | As part of the inquiry, the FCC sent a letter yesterday to a number of
    | cable companies, including Time Warner, Comcast and Verizon, seeking
    | information about their post-transition pricing plans. Consumer's
    | Union, one of the largest consumer advocacy groups in the USA, wrote a
    | letter to the U.S. Senate last month asking for such a review, Martin
    | noted.
    |
    | http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/2008-11-04-white-space_N.htm
    |
    | I bet this doesn't mean free Wi-Fi or wireless in places where
    | broadband is not available.

    There's only one long term viable solution that makes everyone a winner.

    That solution is to have a neutrally-owned/operated fiber-direct-to-customer
    infrastructure which can then be "rented" by the information/content/data
    provider(s) of the termination point customer's choosing, but it cable TV,
    telephone, internet, something new and innovative, or any combination. That
    would be a fiber, or better yet, 2 to 4 separate fibers, running between each
    home and business, to the central connection point for each area where the
    providers can then host equipment to provide their service, and be patched in
    to the customers they serve.
     
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