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Current Meter for 12V Solar System

Discussion in 'Electronic Basics' started by [email protected], Feb 17, 2005.

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  1. Guest

    Hello,

    I'd like to create a current meter for a small solar system that I've
    built. The system has a couple large deep cycle 6V batteries hooked up
    in series. It's mostly used in the evenings and the load is one or two
    amps. However, sometimes I like to use some short duration, high
    current loads on this system (hand power tools). These loads are on
    the order of 30-40A. I've looked into setting up a shunt resistor in
    series with load, but I don't like the idea that I could (a) cook that
    resistor, or (b) that it's wasting my precious solar electrons with
    resistive heating. So, knowing just enough to be dangerous, I've
    looked into using some flavor of Hall Effect sensor to measure current
    without introducing a resistive load. The H-E sensors that I've looked
    at have different sensitivities at different currents. For example, a
    0-20A H-E sensor gives better resolution at, say, 3A than a 0-100A H-E
    sensor. Given that, I was wondering whether it would be okay to hook
    both 0-20A and 0-100A H-E sensors in series with my load. When the
    draw is below 20A, read the 0-20A sensor, when it's above, read the
    0-100A. If I'm going about this all wrong, then I'd love to hear your
    solution.

    Thanks in advance,

    -mt
     
  2. Tom Woodrow

    Tom Woodrow Guest

    www.allelectronics.com search for "shunt" about 1/2 way down the page
    there is a 600, 50 and 100A current shunts that might meed your needs.

    Tom Woodrow
     
  3. amdx

    amdx Guest

    I don't think you need to worry about your losses in the
    shunt IF you start with a 50ua meter movement. Off the top of my head you
    might dissipate 1 watt in the shunt with a 40 amp (480watt) load.
    You just need to know or measure the internal resistance of the meter and
    calculate the shunt resistance.
    Or, you could buy two .01 ohm resistors put them in parallel and use a
    cheap digital meter on the 200mv range to measure the voltage across the
    resistor. This would be 40 amps full scale.
     
  4. You can also use a current sense transformer for things like this.
    http://tinyurl.com/4tl8v

    --
    Regards,
    Robert Monsen

    "Your Highness, I have no need of this hypothesis."
    - Pierre Laplace (1749-1827), to Napoleon,
    on why his works on celestial mechanics make no mention of God.
     
  5. Oops, you want DC. These won't work for that, they are only for AC.

    --
    Regards,
    Robert Monsen

    "Your Highness, I have no need of this hypothesis."
    - Pierre Laplace (1749-1827), to Napoleon,
    on why his works on celestial mechanics make no mention of God.
     
  6. Jack Hayes

    Jack Hayes Guest

    One other method if you can tolorate just fair accuracy is to measure the
    drop across a battery cable, this can be measured with a very low cost 0 to
    200 mv digital meter powered by a 9 volt battery. Just put a NO PB switch in
    the 9 volt battery lead, then you have push to read.

    Jack
     
  7. Guest

    Thanks very much for all the great responses!

    Another twist in my scheme that I should have included in my original
    post is that I'd like to read the voltage on the [shunt, hall-effect
    sensor, garden gnome...] with a 10 bit resolution ADC. If the ADC
    measures from 0-5V and the shunts range is 0-50 mV, then I'm thinking
    that my 10 bit ADC is not going to cut it. Back to the drawing board.

    Either way, ya'll have given me a lot of great ideas to work with.

    -mt
     
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