Connect with us

Caustic Corrosion on Water Level Sensor

Discussion in 'Sensors and Actuators' started by BHARGAV SHANKHALPARA, Apr 12, 2015.

  1. BHARGAV SHANKHALPARA

    BHARGAV SHANKHALPARA

    35
    0
    Nov 6, 2013
    Hello All..!!

    I am working on project water level controller. in that for water level detection i used three sensors shown in image. which is made up of stainless steel as well as mild steel.

    i am using three sensors, one at bottom of tank which work as common. second at middle of tank, and third is at top of tank. in bottom sensor (work as common) i give DC 5V.

    When i get 5 volt in both middle and top sensor we assume it as full tank, when not getting 5v at middle and top i assume tank is empty.

    my problem is that when we install system at our farm its working perfectly, but after a week its start malfunction. when we see sensors which we have installed at top tank, there is Caustic Corrosion around common sensor in which we give DC 5V. thats why its not working properly. after that i cleaned common sensors and connect again its working fine.

    is there any solution by which we avoid this type of Caustic Corrosion around sensor....??

    Please suggest solution

    thank you..!!

    IMG_20150412_121925.jpg
     
  2. KMoffett

    KMoffett

    682
    66
    Jan 21, 2009
    Can you post your circuit? Continuous DC voltages applied to electrodes in water will cause electrolytic corrosion. A better choice would be a circuit that applies an AC voltage to the electrodes.

    Ken
     
  3. KTW

    KTW

    273
    14
    Feb 22, 2015
    Can you use a plastic float sensor?

    [​IMG]
     
  4. BHARGAV SHANKHALPARA

    BHARGAV SHANKHALPARA

    35
    0
    Nov 6, 2013
    Hello KTW...!!

    We Cant use this type of sensor because we want to install it at bore-well sometimes. which have very small diameter.
     
  5. BHARGAV SHANKHALPARA

    BHARGAV SHANKHALPARA

    35
    0
    Nov 6, 2013
    dfs.jpg
     
  6. duke37

    duke37

    5,211
    718
    Jan 9, 2011
    I have used Waxoyl which is a wax diluted with a petroleum spirit. This is sold for protecting the undersides of cars from corrosion. I have used it on electric fence energisers and outside nuts and bolts. It can be removed with white spirit or paraffin.
    When fully dry it is a stiffish wax.

    It needs to be warm to apply but this should not be a problem in India !
     
  7. KTW

    KTW

    273
    14
    Feb 22, 2015
  8. KMoffett

    KMoffett

    682
    66
    Jan 21, 2009
    Here is the basic version of the AC-excited controller I made many years ago (and have used every year) to control the level of water in a Christmas tree stand bowl. It drives the bottom electrode with a 4KHz 5V square wave. The detected square waves are rectified with a voltage doubler and filtered. The lower electrode starts the pump. The upper electrode stops the pump. I used highly corrosion resistant stainless steel electrodes. I use it for about a month every year and have never seen any sign of corrosion. Nor have I had to clean the electrodes due to mineral deposits.


    Ken
     

    Attached Files:

  9. Vikas verma

    Vikas verma

    2
    0
    Jun 29, 2017
    Can any one explain me about ac sensing.
    I also use water level in my home
     
  10. Vikas verma

    Vikas verma

    2
    0
    Jun 29, 2017
    Hello sir,

    Will you send the diagram please
     
  11. Alec_t

    Alec_t

    2,629
    693
    Jul 7, 2015
    Vikas, you are posting in a 2-year old thread. KMoffett may not see this.
     
  12. KMoffett

    KMoffett

    682
    66
    Jan 21, 2009
    Alec_t,

    I see it. Just too busy to respond right now. :)

    Ken
     
  13. KMoffett

    KMoffett

    682
    66
    Jan 21, 2009
    I posted my micro-controller schematic in post #8.

    If electrodes are submerged in water with a DC voltage applied to them, electrolytic action will cause them to corrode. The positive electrode will corrode, and negative will be plated. With AC, the electrodes are alternately positive and negative at a very rapid rate. This largely prevents either electrode from being corroded.

    If you don't want to deal with micro-controller programming, here is a level controller using CD4093 logic chips.
    Water Level.gif
    No component values shown. If you want to use it, I'll go back and add them.
    Ken
     
  14. Tha fios agaibh

    Tha fios agaibh

    1,892
    599
    Aug 11, 2014
    I like the AC idea but you won't totally eliminate corrosion.

    Original post said stainless steel, but in the picture looks like brass electrodes.

    I would cover the electrode with insulation except for the very end. That way all you have to do is clean the tip instead of the entire electrode.
    You'll have less galvanic reaction if you use a polypropylene tank (non conductive) as opposed to steel.
    You may also be able to use a external tube that shows the water column (in the tank) and mount photo or proximity sensors to it to detect the water level. This works well as long as the tube does not get dirty.
     
  15. duke37

    duke37

    5,211
    718
    Jan 9, 2011
    Or use a floating magnet and a reed switch.
     
  16. Cannonball

    Cannonball

    170
    47
    May 6, 2017
    Hello everyone,
    I like duke37's idea. You can water proof the magnet and the reed switch. Problem solved.
     
  17. KMoffett

    KMoffett

    682
    66
    Jan 21, 2009
    If you use a floating magmet and reed switch, make sure that the magnet cannot go above the upper reed or below the lower one. If they do you will get an invalid condition.

    Ken
     
  18. duke37

    duke37

    5,211
    718
    Jan 9, 2011
    An alternative is to use an ultrasonic distance measuring device. I bought a couple of these some time ago but have not had the time to investigate if they work and how to decode the output.
     
  19. abdul Wahhab

    abdul Wahhab

    1
    0
    Dec 3, 2017
    "No component values shown. If you want to use it, I'll go back and add them.
    Ken[/QUOTE]"

    Hi Ken,

    very nice Idea of using AC sensing to prevent Corrosion. Can you please suggest the component values for the circuit you have proposed.

    -thanks in advance.
     
  20. davenn

    davenn Moderator

    13,249
    1,746
    Sep 5, 2009
    did you not look at the circuit ? ... it already has values
     
Ask a Question
Want to reply to this thread or ask your own question?
You'll need to choose a username for the site, which only take a couple of moments (here). After that, you can post your question and our members will help you out.
Electronics Point Logo
Continue to site
Quote of the day

-