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battery rating question

Discussion in 'Electronic Basics' started by tom, Mar 16, 2005.

  1. tom

    tom Guest

    If a 12 volt battery is rated at '14 amp hours', does that mean it is
    capable of powering a load that draws 14 amps, at 12 volts, for one hour
    before the voltage starts to sag below 12 volts? Or does it just mean that
    if the battery was completely exhausted using a custom load that continued
    to pull current out of it even as the voltage tapered off, and the total
    power added up and restated in terms of 'amp-hours', it would be the
    equivalent of 14, but the reality is that if you had a load that drew 14amps
    at 12 volts, long before the hour was up, the voltage would drop below 12.

    How long would a typical 14 'amp hour' gel-cell run a 12volt, 15amp load
    before the voltage dropped 10%?

    If you had a 12 volt gel-cell that was partially (say 1/3 )depleted, and you
    simply hooked it straight up to a 12 volt ac/dc power supply, would it
    recharge? What would happen when the battery was fully charged?
     
  2. The Amp Hour rating on wet and AGM batteries is the number of amps that can
    be drawn over a 20 hour time period before the voltage drops to 10.5V. To
    get the actual rate that can be constantly drawn divide by 20 so your 14 amp
    hour battery can supply .7 amps. The total available amps drops a lot if
    you increase the rate of draw. That 14 AH battery would last less than 30
    minutes on a 15 amp load. The voltage would start out above 13V and drop.
    It would be within 10% of 12 V (13.2V to 10.8V) for maybe 20 minutes.

    Also to get the most use out of the battery it should not be discharged more
    than 50-60%. AGMs can be drawn a little lower so the actuall usable amp
    hours is about 7.

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  3. tom

    tom Guest

    Huh, that's usefull info, thanks. How about recharging a thusly depleted
    gel-cell by simply hooking it up to 13.8v ac/dc power supply?
     
  4. mike

    mike Guest

    NO,
    There's a specified maximum charging current that you need to observe.
    13.8V is often a "MARKETING NUMBER" that relates, sort-of, to an
    automotive application. The actual voltage may not be 13.8V. Measure
    it to verify.
    mike

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