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A little math help

Discussion in 'Home Power and Microgeneration' started by No One, Jan 1, 2004.

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  1. No One

    No One Guest

    Ok I think my numbers are correct but I'd like others to look over them. As
    well as give some more info.

    I want to make some vacuum devices using pvc pipe. I'm trying to get some
    rough numbers before I start. Here's what I've come up with. Correct or am
    I missing something?

    I'm looking at 1/2", 3/4" and 1" pipe.

    My known/assumptions are:

    pi*r^2=area area*14.7 psi = max vacuum

    For the:

    1/2" pipe. . . . .14.7 * [3.141 * (0.25 * 0.25)] = 2.88
    3/4" pipe. . . . .14.7 * [3.141 * (0.375 * 0.375)] = 6.49
    1" pipe. . . . .14.7 * [3.141 * (0.5 * 0.5)] = 11.54

    My biggest question is how long of a pull do I need to get the max vacuum.
    I'm thinking I'll just have to find this by trial and error.
  2. Hello No One,

    Your calculations look fine to me. How much of a vacuum you actually get
    depends on the ratio of volumes. Presumably you intend to insert some kind
    of plunger inside the PVC pipe, push it down near the bottom of the pipe
    with the end open, then seal up the end and pull up the plunger to create a
    vacuum inside the pipe.

    To calculate how much vacuum is developed, you need to know the volume of
    air left under the plunger at its lowest point. For simple numbers, let's
    say your plunger has a flat face, and you leave exactly 1" of space below
    the plunger at its lowest point. If you now seal up the end of the pipe and
    pull the plunger up to 2" (ie. 1" higher than its lowest point) you have
    doubled the volume below the plunger. Since the same amount of air remains
    in this doubled volume (assuming there are no leaks), the pressure will be
    cut in half, for an effective vacuum of 14.7/2 = 7.35 PSI.

    Similarly, if you pull the plunger back another 1" up to the 3" mark, the
    vacuum will become 14.7/3 = 4.9 PSI.

    Make sense yet? I would think the hard part is getting things sealed. Good

    Happy new year.
  3. Bob Peterson

    Bob Peterson Guest

    doesn't matter what the pipe size is, the maximum vacuum you can get is
    still 14.7 psi because that is atmospheric pressure.
  4. No One

    No One Guest

    Ok if I got this I take the ratio of the orig to final air column and
    multiply that by the area of the plunger THEN by 14.7 to get close to the

    Using your example of a 1" to 3" air column with a 1" pipe:

    1 / 3 * 14.7 * (3.141 * .5^2) = 3.85
  5. Yep, that's right (in pounds of force).
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