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4.5 v battery charger.

Discussion in 'Power Electronics' started by vinod chandran, Jun 29, 2012.

  1. vinod chandran

    vinod chandran

    192
    2
    Jun 21, 2011
    Hi,
    I had a 4.5v battery and a 5v (500mA) power supply with me. I want to build an automatic mini LED emergency lamp with these components. All i need an automatic charger circuit which suits these components. plz help.
    -vinod
     
  2. davenn

    davenn Moderator

    13,212
    1,730
    Sep 5, 2009
    and $6million question is....what is the type of battery ?


    Dave
     
  3. CocaCola

    CocaCola

    3,635
    4
    Apr 7, 2012
    In addition to the $6 million question...

    Define the battery better, if it's 4.5 volts what is the measured 'full' charge voltage? The 5 volt supply might be too low to bring the battery full charge...
     
  4. vinod chandran

    vinod chandran

    192
    2
    Jun 21, 2011
    Ha..ha...Davenn..Actually i don't know anything about that battery. I got it from a LED Torch. Anyway i am attaching the image of that battery. If you cannot understand the battery we can leave this project but i had another big battery (12v 7AH). And i need your help to find a charger circuit for this battery. I got this battery from my old ups. And for the charger, i had two transformers., one is 12-0-12 5A and the other is from an old CD player which has so many outputs.(2 yellow wire gives 22v, 2 black wires gives 12v , 2 blue wires gives 12v and 2 green wires gives 3.3v). I don't know how to measure the ampere but i think it is an 1.5 A transformer.
     

    Attached Files:

  5. khankll

    khankll

    110
    0
    Feb 6, 2011
    post side views mostly its 2 cell lead acid battery.. check if there is some electrolyte..
    to charge it u will need realy tiny current say 100-200mA .. these are normally .7-1 AH ..
    or 1.3 for a realy good brand battery like leoch etc..

    you can attach a quarter watt 5.6 ohm resistor in series with 5 volts and it will slowly chargre it.. in 5-8 hours..

    or get a potentiometer as low as possible ( which should provide resistance from 1ohm to 10 ohms) and use that to adjust the current..
     
  6. vinod chandran

    vinod chandran

    192
    2
    Jun 21, 2011
    Hi khankll,
    thanks. Let me try.
     
  7. Externet

    Externet

    702
    142
    Aug 24, 2009
    Connect the 5 V power supply to the battery with a 1N4001 diode in series.

    +5.0V-----------------|>|------------Bat(+)
    Common----------------------------Bat(-)

    If the battery needs 5.0V to charge, just connect directly without the diode.
     
  8. (*steve*)

    (*steve*) ¡sǝpodᴉʇuɐ ǝɥʇ ɹɐǝɥd Moderator

    25,171
    2,687
    Jan 21, 2010
    Some form of current limiting should be used.

    Also with this you need to monitor the battery voltage and disconnect it when it reaches a full charge.

    Note that this voltage varies with temperature for lead acid batteries.

    Also, if you do this without a diode, and you're using something like a computer (USB?) to charge this, when you turn the computer off the battery may try to power the 5V rail of your computer. This is probably not what you want.
     
  9. vinod chandran

    vinod chandran

    192
    2
    Jun 21, 2011
    [​IMG]
     
    Sajib likes this.
  10. vinod chandran

    vinod chandran

    192
    2
    Jun 21, 2011
    Hi
    Thanks Externet and steve. . How about this circuit ?. What if i connect my 5v power supply (actually it's a mobile charger) to this circuit. How can i monitor full and low battery ?
    -vinod chandran
     
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