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Low-drain Long-life audio clicker

  • Reading a post for Blind Cat's "sounder / navigation" aid, prompted me to try this relatively low-cost idea.

    About the circuit:
    Based originally on a low-drain LED blinker, the modified design replaces the hi-bright red LED with a high-impedance audio sounder.
    The idea is that roughly every second, a brief pulse of around 2 V maximum is discharged to the speaker LS1, which should create a soft, audible click.
    The soft tic..tic..tic will be audible to the cat, but won't drive humans up the wall.
    The circuit design can drive an LED for up to 2 years, so battery should last quite long driving a high-impedance (small current) load, the speaker.
    Basically the circuit trickle-charges the cap, which discharges through LED / speaker, rather than pulsing the LED / speaker directly.
    For amplification and directionality, glue or mount sounder to a small dish, a flat clean tuna-can or similar.
    Capacitor C1 value can be altered from 100 uF (100 micro-farads) to other for different pulse-train frequency.
    Obviously, a faster pulse-rate means shorter battery life, and vise-versa.

    Bill of Materials for "KittyCaller":

    Resistors [all 1/8 W - 1/4 W 5% tolerance]:
    1=4K7
    2=100R
    3=1M0
    4=1M8
    5=27K
    7=10K

    Capacitors:
    C1=100u 10V electroytic radial
    C2=1u ceramic disc or other NP
    C3=2u2 ceramic disc or other NP

    Transistors:
    Q1=BC557B PNP BJT
    Q2=ZTX869 NPN Axial planar (observe static precautions).

    Battery:
    B1=1.5V "D" size cell.

    Sounder / Speaker:
    LS1=Piezo-ceramic wafer-disc or high-impedance crystal earpiece.

    Misc:
    Double-sided Printed Circuit Board, 54mm x 46mm, designed and etched.*
    Battery holder for 1.5V "D" cell.
    Small plastic case to house PCB, speaker** & battery**
    Flexible hookup wire for LS1 and B1.

    *re PCB: If you don't have the resources / nearby outlets to have a PCB made, use strip-veroboard.
    As the circuit is a fairly simple design, veroboard will suffice.
    ** re speaker & battery: These can optionally be outside of case.
pogopin, dukepcb, hevans1944 and 3 others like this.
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